1. Haughton and Haughton describe the differences between income and expenditures for measuring well-being. In your view is income or expenditure a better indicator of well-being? See the contrast on Table 10.1. Explain with 2-3 points articulating your rationale.
2. According to Haughton and Haughton p. 94, “[relative measures of poverty] can be helpful in identifying poor areas or poor subgroups in a society… but does not serve if the purpose is to measure the effectiveness of the interventions.” Do you agree or disagree with this statement? Explain your rationale.
3. According to Goodman-Draper, in native communities there was a “dissolution of the traditional, collectivist Native way of life” towards “private property, individualism, and the destruction of collectivism” p. 45. Is there any way this could also be interpretted as “development”? Why or why not?
4. Fortin et al show massive differences in wage changes for males and females between 1980 to 2005 (Figure 2). Could you argue that women have experienced more “development” over the last 30 years than men? Why or why not?
5. Haveman outlines several different poverty measurements – absolute (income), relative (income), consumption, capability, asset, subjective, multidimensional, and social exclusion. Based on your experience and the information provided in the chapter, assuming you are the policy czar of Quebec, which one poverty measure would you choose? Explain with 3-4 points. Alternatively, assume you ere the policy czar of a developing country, which one poverty measure would you choose? Explain with 3-4 points.